Timings - Opening & Closing:
Monday - Friday: 7.00 AM - 7.00 PM ,
Saturday: 7.00 AM - 7.00 PM ,
Sunday: 7.00 AM - 7.00 PM ,
Public Holidays: 7.00 AM - 7.00 PM
Borra Caves, also called as Borra Guhalu in the native language, are situated in Araku Valley and form a part of the Ananthagiri Hills. Drained by the Gosthani River, these caves are mostly a composition of substances like stalagmite and stalactite. Located on the East Coast of India, these caves are considered to be the deepest in India. Placed at an elevation of about 705 m above sea level, the caves are basically karstic limestone structures extending to a depth of 80 m.
These caves were discovered in the year 1807, during the Geological Survey of India, by William King George. There are numerous stories that are associated with these caves, which are believed by the tribal communities like Jatapu, Porja, Kondadora, Nookadora and others, who dwell around them.
According to these tribes, there was a cow, which supposedly fell into these caves through a hole in the roof. While searching for this cow, the cowherd found these caves and came across a Linga inside it. The Linga is considered synonymous to Lord Shiva, who saved the cow. After this, a small Shiva temple was built right outside this cave.
According to another legend, the Shiva Linga, which can be seen inside the caves, has a stone structure of a cow right above it. It is said that the sacred cow's bosom is the source of the Gosthani River that originates from these caves. There are many other legends and famous folklore that make Borra Caves sacred and a famous tourist destination.
One of the largest caves in the Indian subcontinent, it is known for the variety of speleothems that comprise diverse and irregularly shaped stalactites and stalagmites. Gosthani River has its source in the caves. Water percolating from the roof of the caves flows between the stalactites and stalagmites leading to the formation of the Karstic lime stones. In the caves are found fulvous fruit bats (Rousettus leschenaultii), along with several micro-organisms.