British Colonial Buildings
British Colonial Buildings (Historic Place) snapshot
The British has constructed many buildings during the period of the colonial rule. Despite some modifications, these structures have retained their original architecture. Bellary Central Jail, St. Philomena’s School Complex, the Wardlaw High School Complex, St. John’s School, St. Joseph’s school are some of the examples of British colonial structures in Bellary. Though the schools now take their classes in the newly designed buildings, they still have retained their old school buildings as “heritage buildings.”
The 19th century, Allipura Military Jail, which was converted from infantry barracks of British cantonment, confined First World War prisoners from France, Turkey and Denmark. This became the Bellary Central Jail, where freedom fighters and political personalities like C. Rajagopalachari, Tekur Subramanyam, Potti Sri Ramulu, V. V. Giri, Bezawada Gopala Reddy, Kamaraj Nadar, Neelam Sanjiva Reddy, O. V. Alagesan, E.V. Ramasamy Naicker, Ghantasala Venkateswara Rao and Bulusu Sambamurti was imprisoned.
In 1961, this jail was replaced by Medical College Campus, where all 14 jail blocks were converted to hostels and laboratories except one, which was preserved in the name of "Swatantra Samara Soudha" - meaning Freedom Fighters Museum as a National Heritage Centre. Most other British colonial buildings have been converted to government offices.