The Vellore Fort, formerly the headquarters of the Vijayanagara Empire, is a large 16th-century fort in Vellore. The administration of this fort passed from the Vijayanagara kings to the Bijapur Sultans. From them, this fort went into the hands of the Marathas and then to the Carnatic Nawabs. Later the fort went under the administration of the British.
Sprawling over an area of 5,38,231.90 sq m, the fort houses a temple, mosque and church, along with several other buildings. This fort has one of the best military architectures in Southern India.
The fort is also known for its ramparts, moat and masonry. Sri Jalakandeswarar Temple which lies within the fort, is known for its sculptures. Dedicated to Jalakandeswarar, this temple has a double gopuram and mandapam.
This fort also includes Muthu Mandapam, which is a memorial, built around the tombstone of Sri Vikrama Rajasinha. The fort also houses a church and a mosque that were constructed during the early British period and the last Arcod Nawab's period, respectively.
The Government Museum inside this fort displays objects from anthropology, botany, geology, numismatics, pre-history, and zoology.