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Vijaydurg, also known as the Victory Fort, is located on the western coast of India. This fort is counted amongst the strongest marine forts. The fort is spread over an area of around 68796.55 sq m and provides evidence of the martial supremacy of the Marathas under Shivaji's reign.
Vijaydurg, initially known as Gheria, is considered to have been raised by the Bijapur rulers. The fort was later strengthened and enlarged by Shivaji in the 17th century. It was constructed on the hill near the mouth of the Vaghotan River. Surrounded by the sea on three sides and a ditch on the fourth side, the fort was constructed for safeguarding the kingdom from the neighbouring rulers.
It is believed that Shivaji added huge towers and 3 rows of huge walls to the structure. The main entrance gate of the fort, located on the eastern side, leads to the path that takes one to the middle wall and a hidden inner gateway. The strong triple walls feature around 27 bastions. The inner region of the fort has various buildings and storehouses, which presently stand in ruins, except a rest-house.
Historians state that the fort witnessed many wars, out of which the war with the European powers is considered to be the prominent one. During the period between 1667 and 1729, the fort was under the control of the Marathas. Kanhoji Angre, the naval chief of the Marathas, fought a battle with the Europeans to safeguard the kingdom. The fort was under the collaborated reign of the English and the Peshwas in 1756 and remained with the Peshwas till 1818.
Later, a battle was again fought between the Peshwas and the British and the fort was surrendered to the British as the outcome. A submerged wall of around 100 m has been discovered recently, when the water level of the sea decreased. This wall stands on the eastern side of the fort and is considered to be around 3 m deep in the sea. The surrounding walls of the fort are 7 m wide and 122 m long. It is believed that the region around the banks of the Vaghotan River was a dock, used by the Marathas for building and repairing their ships.
What travellers are saying about this Sightseeing
- Prakash Manjrekar
- Heritage seeker
- Lives in Mumbai
- 580 photos
- 35 Reviews
Fort Vijaydurg is located in Devgad Taluka, of district Sindhudurg of Maharashtra. It is surrounded by water on three sides. The fort Vijaydurg which was originally built by Raja (King)Bhoj II of the Shilahar dynasty (construction period 1193-1205) is located on the coast. The fort was earlier known as "Gheria". Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj captured this fort from Adil Shah of Bijapur in 1653 and renamed it as "Vijay Durg"and restored its dignity by expanding its area (Previously just 5 acres ) to 17 acres, got it renovated, added triple rows of huge walls, umpteen towers and spacious inner buildings to it and strengthened it in the 17th century. This fort was also known as "Eastern Gibraltar" as this fort was impregnable for a long time. Vijaydurg fort was ruled by Peshwa rulers till 1818. It has played host to many famous Maratha Admirals like Sarkhel Kanhoji Angre, Tulaji Angre, Sambhaji Angre, Anandrao Dhulap etc. At the entrance there is Hanuman Temple as a symbol of strength. There are historical things such as peculiar main entrance (Maha Darwaza), Khalbat Khana (Secret Discussion Room), underground tunnel way, cannon shells, huge bastions, granary, godown, flag-hill, lime-stone Grinding Place, Tulsi-Vrindavan, Kanhoba temple, a 800 years ancient well etc. This is only one of the two forts of the Maratha kingdom, where Shivaji Maharaj personally hoisted the saffron flag. The other fort is "Torana". The other Architectural marvels related to the fort area are: The fencing compound wall constructed at 8-10 m depth undersea, 300ft from the fort is another architectural wonder. This wall is not visible above the sea level. The wall constructed with laterite stones is 122 mtr long, 3 meter high & 7 mtr in breadth. Majority of attacking ships met their watery grave after colliding on this wall. The 200m long, undersea/underland man-made tunnel from the fort to the Peshwa Admiral Anandrao Shulaps palatial house in the village. Now the tunnel is partially blocked.
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- Khushnaz Khambata
- Lives in Mumbai
- 8 photos
- 11 Reviews
Vijaydurg Fort lies about 52 kms from Tarele Village on the Mumbai-Goa highway, NH-17. It is one of the most important sea forts in the history of Maharashtra. Originally built by the Silaharas of Madhya Pradesh and later under the Adilshah of Bijapur, it attained its period of glory under Chhatrapati Shivaji, who expanded the fort and made it almost invincible during his reign in the seventeenth century.
The fort is best seen with a registered guide who will point out the intricacies in its architecture and narrate the history of the fort. The services of the guide can be hired from the entrance for Rs 200. The guided tour in Marathi lasts approximately for 1.5 hours.
The fort is a must-visit for history and photography buffs - being surrounded on three sides by the sea and Vijaydurg creek, the views are spectacular. Visit the fort in the late afternoon, and go to the beach below at sunset for some beautiful photos.
Entrance fee to the fort is Rs 5 per person.
Tip for meals around the fort: There are quite a few restaurants around the fort, all of which are just a few minutes walk away. Excellent vegetarian and non-vegetarian meals, especially sea food is available. Try the MTDC Green Valley Fort View Resort (advance notice to be given for meals) for yummy chicken sukha with hot chapattis or Suruchi for freshly prepared home meals.
Our top pick is Mayuri, especially great for its fresh catch of the day, cooked by Shilpa, the wife of friendly owner Mr. Rupesh Javkar. Rupesh will make you feel like an esteemed guest in his own house. We had two meals there and tried red snapper, a local fish called kokri and methi bhaji (fenugreek), all of which were really delicious. An absolute must-visit gem of a restaurant in Vijaydurg, the view from its first floor dining room is excellent. This restaurant lives up to its motto of 100% customer satisfaction.
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