Bihar Sharif Tourism

Bihar Sharif Tourism

Rank 9
Ranked 9 of 27
Bihar Tourism Destinations
Destination Rating
5.2 / 7
79 Ratings & 77 Reviews

Bihar Sharif Info

  • State: Bihar
  • Famous for/as: Pilgrimage
  • District: Nalanda
Bihar Sharif, also spelled as Biharsharif and even called Bihar by few, is the district headquarters of Nalanda district in the eastern state of Bihar. Located at 25 07' N latitude and 85 31' E longitude, the town lies in the Hiranya Prabhat Parvat (recently known as Badi Pahari), on the bank of River Panchanan.

With several rivers flowing through the town, such as Dhoba, Panchanan and Goithva, the alluvial soil deposited in the area has made the land very fertile. Thus, the town is mainly dependant on agriculture, which remains to be the main source of income for people here.

The town is named so as it houses a number of Muslim tombs that depict the former importance of this place as a Muslim pilgrimage. In the 10th century, Bihar Sharif served as the capital of the Pala dynasty. The town thus contains many structures dating back to that period, including a 5th century Gupta pillar and several mosques and Muslim tombs.

Nearby the town lie the remains of Odantapuri University, which was once an important centre for Buddhist learning. This university was set on fire by Bakhtiyar Khilji, the local army chief of Mughal Emperor, in the 13th century.

From 13th to 16th century, Bihar Sharif served as the capital of the Muslim Governors of Bihar and emerged as an active centre of Muslim learning and art. For military cantonments, Turkish and Pashtun invaders employed various abandoned viharas in the region. The region was thus named as Bihar, after the viharas. The name originally belonged to the town that served as the headquarters of the Muslim invaders in the Magadha region during the medieval period. After Sher Shah Suri shifted the headquarters to Patana, the entire Magadha region was renamed as Bihar.

During the modern era, the town was constituted a municipality in 1869. With a rich cultural past, this small town is now considered to be a major Muslim pilgrimage centre. Tourists visiting the town can explore some of the best medieval Islamic architectural structures, most famous of which is the tomb of Makhdum Shah Sharif-ud-din, a 14th century Muslim saint.

The other tomb of Malik Ibrahim Baya atop Pir Pahadi Hill is the venue of the annual event of Urs festival. Influenced from the past, 80% population of Bihar Sharif constitutes Muslims, with a good degree of Turkish and Afghanis.

Situated 80 km away from the state capital, Bihar Sharif is easily accessible via Patna Airport from major Indian cities like Mumbai, Delhi, Pune, Bangalore, Lucknow, Kolkata and Ranchi. The town also has a railway station of its own that connects it to major cities on the Bakhtiyarpur-Rajgir-Tilaiya line, such as Patna, Delhi, Kolkata and Varanasi. Being the district headquarters, Bihar Sharif is also accessible via road from the major hubs of the region and other parts of the country, on NH 31. The ideal time to visit this religious town is during the months of October through May.

Bihar Sharif is one of the weekend getaway options for travelers living in Nalanda and Rajgir.

Explore Bihar Sharif through video reviews

Makhdum Shah Sharif-ud-din Mosque, Bihar Sharif

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Travellers from Patna, Kolhapur

Best time to visit Bihar Sharif in the next six months

  • August
  • September
  • October
  • November
  • December
  • January

Bihar Sharif Traveller Reviews

Read 3 destination reviews
with average rating of 5.2/7,
out of 77 Bihar Sharif reviews
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Pabhakar Patel

  • Explorer
  • Pabhakar Patel
  • 4 Reviews
  •  20 helpful votes
  •  4525 readers

"Historical places and golden house"

  • 4.0/7
  • Posted Aug 21, 2014
Dear friends as you know that it is a historical place in Bihar like Rajgir Nalanda. However, the main feature in both city in this city so many big mountain and historical place like king of the house. So much so, that golden house so many things are there.
  • Was this review useful?
  • YES
  • 9 votes

Manoj Kumar

  • Scout
  • Manoj Kumar
  • Lives in Delhi
  • 1 Review
  •  7 helpful votes
  •  713 readers

"Good hangout place"

  • 5.5/7
  • Posted Jul 7, 2014
Good place to pay a visit Nalanda University and Rajgir. But I believe the government should improve transport facilities here. Bihar Sharif is a small town but everything is available here. You will find Good schools, colleges, Shopping centers, hospitals, park, hangout places, theaters, etc.
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  • 7 votes

Muntasir Jilani

  • Tourist
  • Muntasir Jilani
  • Lives in Pune
  • 1 Review
  •  12 helpful votes
  •  4058 readers

"sweet and Simple"

  • 6.0/7
  • Posted Sep 11, 2008
Biharsharif is a small town but everything is available here. You will find Good schools, colleges, Shopping centers, hospitals, park, hangout places, theaters.

Food, sight-seeing and shopping: If you like some hangouts, want to taste samosas (here called--singhada), lassi, faluda, also chillout shopping. you must visit Pulpar area.

Activities & things to do: You can hangout near by Pulpar area, Ramchandarpur area.

Travel tips, How to reach, travel warnings etc: Travelling is very cheap here. So, no need to worry. People are very good and cooperative.
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  • 12 votes

Manish kumaar Ravandra J.k. Avinash Manish kumaar, Ravandra, J.k. and 73 other people have been to Bihar Sharif.
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Bihar Sharif Sightseeing

Best time to visit Bihar Sharif with family

  • Jan
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  • May
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Bihar Sharif Information