Firozabad Travel Guide
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Best time to visit Firozabad in the next six months
- State: Uttar Pradesh
- Famous for/as: Heritage
- Altitude: 538 m
Firozabad has a rich and colourful history according to which, ‘Chandwar Nagar’ was its initial name. Chandwar Nagar was a territory under the Mughal Empire. ‘Chandwar Nagar’ was named as ‘Firozabad’ by Emperor Akbar. The tomb of Firoz Shah, Akbar’s Mansab Dar can still be found in Firozabad city.
The first half of the 18th century witnessed the rule of Jats in Firozabad which was later followed by Himmat Bahadur Gusain. The French took control of the region in the late 18th century. In the early 19th century, Firozabad was seized by the British East India Company.
Firozabad was an important centre of freedom movement and it witnessed the emergence of many freedom fighters. People of Firozabad actively participated in the freedom movements like ‘Khilafat Movement’, ‘Quit India Movement’ and ‘Namak Satyagrah’. . Post-Independence, the district of Firozabad was formed by the Uttar Pradesh Government in 1989.
Firozabad was home to the glass industry since the 15th century. Bangles, Jhad-Phanus (tree chandeliers) and decorated phials for the storage of cosmetic products like Itra, perfumes, etc. were the major glass products during this time. Today, there are about 500 small scale industries in Firozabad that produce different types of glass products that range from multi hued glass bangles and dinner sets to chandeliers. About 50 percent of the artistic glassware produced in Firozabad is exported to foreign countries.
Glass art wares consist of toys, candle-stands and miniature idols. Domestic wares consist of drinking glasses, beer glasses, wine glasses and dinner sets, Scientific and lab wares like beakers, flasks, test tubes, containers and electric wares of glass articles manufactured at Firozabad are of great demand.
Today, Firozabad is nicknamed as Suhag Nagar as it produces bangles, kadas, kangans and other items of suhagins (brides). This city is also called as the ‘World Capital of Beads’ as the glass beads produced here are used in clothing, accessories and jewellery and are exported all over the world.
Firozabad city can be easily reached as it is well connected by road and railways to places like Delhi, Howrah, Mumbai, Kanpur, Lucknow, Jaipur, Amritsar, Jamshedpur, Patna, Aligarh and Agra.