Lawngtlai Travel Guide
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Best time to visit Lawngtlai in the next six months
- State: Mizoram
- Famous for/as: Hill
In the north, Lawngtlai is bounded by Lunglei District and in the south, by Myanmar. The western boundary of this district with Bangladesh is formed by the Thega River. On the other hand, Kaladan River forms the eastern boundary of the Lawngtlai with Saiha District.
Lawngtlai is divided into two Autonomous District Councils, namely the Lai Autonomous District Council (LADC) and the Chakma Autonomous District Council (CADC). The headquarters of Lai Autonomous District Council is based at Lawngtlai. The headquarters of Chakma Autonomous District Council is at Chawngte. The total population of the district is 73,050, which mainly comprises ethnic tribal groups like Lai and Chakma.
Covering an area of 2557.10 sq km, Lawngtlai is mainly mountainous and has low lying riverine plains along the western side of the Chamdur Valley. The main rivers flowing through the region are Kaladan River, Tuichong River, Chhimtuipui River, Ngengpui River, Chawngte River and Tuiphal River.
Dense virgin forests cover the entire western side of this district, while the rest of the region is covered by tropical wet evergreen, mixed deciduous forest and wild banana forests.
Even before the British officially ruled over India in the 19th century, Lawngtlai was under the control of local chiefs. On 21st February, 1888, Lai Chief Dokulha Chinzah, who was the chief of the Fungkah Village, killed Lt. Steward along with three other people.
After the incident in 1889, the British government took direct control over Lawngtlai District. Post India’s Independence, the Lushai Hills Autonomous District Council was created to preserve and protect the identities of the Lushais.
Till 1945, it continued to remain a part of Assam, which was later changed to Mizo District. After the creation of Lushai Hills Autonomous District Council in 1952, demands of separate Autonomous District Councils by leaders of the Lai, Mara and Chakma increased.
In April 1953, the Governments of India and Assam agreed to the demands and created separate Autonomous Regional Councils. Later in 1972, when the Union Territory of Mizoram was created, the Mizo Autonomous District Council was abolished.
The Pawi-Lakher Regional Council was divided into the Lawngtlai Rural Development Block and Chawngte Rural Development Block. Till 1998, Lawngtlai District along with Saiha and Lawngtlai was a part of undivided Chhimtuipui District. On 11th November, 1998, a separate district of Lawngtlai was finally created.
Chawnglaizawnh, Sarlamkai, Pawhlohtlawh are the cultural dances that are famous in the eastern side of the district, which is inhabited by the Lai community. In this area, the main religion followed is Christianity.
On the other hand, in the area occupied by Chakma tribes, Buddhism prevails as the major religion. Cultural dances popular in this area are Nua Jhumo Naach and Biju Naach. Kawmzawl and Zobawk are the main attractions of the area.
Lengpui Airport, which is served by flights from Agartala, Dimapur, Guwahati, Kolkata and Imphal, is the nearest airport. Silchar Railway Station is the nearest railhead, which can be used to reach Lawngtlai.
This district is connected to major regions of Mizoram like Aizawl, Lunglei and Champhai by regular bus service. The best time to visit Lawngtlai is during winter months, which extends from December to February.
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