Melghat Travel Guide
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- Prashant Brahma
- Lives in Mumbai
- 19 photos
- 7 Reviews
- State: Maharashtra
- Famous for/as: Jungle
The name ‘Melghat’ stands for \'meeting of the Ghats\'. The name of the place aptly represents its topography. Melghat has a distinct rugged terrain with huge cliffs, ridges, ravines and steep climbs along with limited entry points. The tropical dry deciduous forests that cover Melghat are largely continuous in nature which helps the preservation of its diverse flora and fauna from external human invasion.
The tropical dry deciduous forests of Melghat Tiger Reserve are crossed by Khandu, Khapra, Sipna, Gadga and Dolar, the tributaries of River Tapti. Makhala, Chikhaldara, Chiladari, Patulda and Gugamal are the plateaus that exist amidst the rugged terrain of Melghat.
Melghat is a prime bio-zone that preserves diverse species of life forms. It is estimated that Melghat consists more than 700 species belonging to about 400 genera of Kingdom Plantae among which the most prominent is Teak (Tectona grandis). About 60 – 70 newly identified species of plants are also found in the forest reserve of Melghat.
Among the animals found mostly in Melghat are tiger, leopard, sloth bear, sambar, gaur, nilgai, chital, ratel, langur, Rhesus monkey, pangolin, python, otter, black-naped hare and many others.
Melghat Forest Reserve was created in 1967 and it was re-notified as Tiger Reserve in 1974. It was enlisted among the first nine Tiger Reserves of India during 1973-74 under the \'Project Tiger\', a conservation initiative to protect the Bengal Tigers.
The Melghat Tiger Sanctuary, created in 1985, was the buffer area of Melghat Forest Reserve. The Gugarnal National Park was carved out of the Melghat Tiger Sanctuary in 1987 to make it the core area of the Melghat Forest Reserve. In 1994, both Gugarnal National Park and Melghat Tiger Sanctuary were united and it was re-notified as Melghat Sanctuary.
Historic monuments like Gawilgarh Fort on the Chikhaldara plateau and Narnala Fort on the south-eastern part of Melghat are other attractions of Melghat. The Melghat Sanctuary is open from October to June but safaris can be taken only from December to June.
- Melghat Tiger Reserve
- Rank 1