Muktsar also referred to as Sri Muktsar Sahib is a city as well as a municipal council in the Sri Muktsar Sahib District of Punjab. It is situated in the south western zone of Punjab sharing its boundaries with the Sates of Rajasthan and Haryana. The historical name of the city is Khidrane Dee Dhab. The city covers a total area of 2615 square kilometres and constitutes 5.19% of the total area of Punjab.
Muktsar means ‘the pool of liberation’ with reference to the battlefield of Guru Gobind Singh, and etymologically it means liberated or ‘the end of life cycle’ according to Sikh beliefs. Muktsar has historical and cultural importance, as it was the last battlefield of Guru Gobind Singh in 1705 A.D. This battle was a legendary conflict in Sikhism’s history in which 40 Sikh warriors fought to death against the Mughal Empire. This is why Muktsar is also referred to as ‘the land of 40 martyrs.’
Muktsar is also popular worldwide for its festivities and large fairs. The most popular fair held in the city is the Mela Maghi, which is held every year in January after Lohri to commemorate the sacrifice of warriors who lost their lives fighting against the Mughal Empire in the last battle of Guru Gobind Singh. The fair is held in an open space on Bhatinda and Malout roads. The main activity of this mela includes a dip in the holy river and a big cattle fair is also held at the Lambi Dhab village on this occasion. A group of good breed horses is also showcased at the Mela Maghi.
Muktsar is also the ‘land of Gurdwaras’ and it contains some of the most popular Gurdwaras of Punjab like Sri Darbar Sahib, Rakab Ganj Sahib, Shaheedan Da Gurdwara, Tambu Sahib, Tarn Taran Sahib, and the Tibbi Sahib.
The climate of Muktsar is determined by the climatic mix of western Himalayas in the north and the Thar Desert in the south. It experiences south western monsoons between the months of July and September. The best time to visit Muktsar is between September and March.
The city is also well-connected with other states of India as well as its nearby cities like Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Mansa, Patiala, Bhatinda, Jalandhar, Faridkot and Ludhiana through road, railways and airways.