Nagpur is famous for
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Nagpur is situated in the area of Vidarbha Janapada which in turn was part of the great forest traditionally known as the Dandakaranya in the Ramayana and other classical Sanskrit sources. The region was subsequently under the Mauryan, Shunga and Satavahana dynasties from 4th century BCE to around the 2nd and 3rd century CE. The excavated sites are testimony to this.
The Chalukyas of Kalyani extended their political dominion in the north, holding sway over some eastern and southern parts of Vidarbha. The Yadavas also ruled over this part and during their reign, artistic and literary activities flourished. Several structural stone temples were constructed, some of which still exist. The Kalika Devi Temple at Katol, the Trigarbha (triple shrine) temple and sculptures of Vishnu and Mahalakshmi of Parseoni, the Karpura and Sendura Bavadis, the Ram temples, along with the famous Shiva temple of Adasa Lakshman, and the fort at Ramtek are some of the architectural marvels of the period.
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History of Nagpur
Nagpur, which is known as the 'orange capital of India', is located in the Deccan Plateau. It is known as the 'orange capital' because it is a major cultivator and trade centre of oranges. It is the second capital/ winter capital city of the state of Maharashtra. Nagpur is spread over a total area of 217.56 sq km. It is at a distance of about 837 km from Mumbai. It is about 1094 km south of Delhi, 1092 km north of Chennai and 1140 km west of Calcutta. The location of this city is almost in the centre of the country. For this very reason it has the Zero Mile Marker, which indicates the geographical centre of India.The foundation of the city was laid by Bakht Buland Shah, who was the Gond King of Devgad, in the year 1703. It was given the name 'Nagpur' because of the Nag River that flows through the city. After India's Independence, Nagpur was made the capital of Madhya Bharat state, which included C.P. and Berar. In 1960, the Vidarbha region, which had a Marathi majority, was merged with the newly formed state of Maharashtra.
People and Culture of Nagpur
Nagpur has a rich culture, which reflects the cultures from different parts of the country. There are a number of tourist attractions in and around the city including Gavilgad Fort, Dragon Palace Temple, Forts of Balapur, Adasa, Maharaj Baug and Zoo. Gavilgad Fort, which is around 200-300 years old, lies close to the Chikhaldara hill station in Amravati district. It was originally built by the Hindu rulers at a height of about 370 ft above sea level.The Dragon Palace Temple on the other hand is situated in Kamptee, which is a satellite township within Nagpur district. It is the temple of Lord Buddha and a holy place for Buddhists. Another major attraction in this place is the Fort of Balapur, which is in the Akola district. The fort is built between the Mana and Mhais Rivers. Besides being a popular tourist destination, it is also a place of pilgrimage because it is named after goddess Bala Devi.
Things to Do in Nagpur
Nagpur is reachable by air, road and rail from different parts of the country. The domestic airport of Nagpur lies close to the city centre, at a distance of 6 km, and is well connected to major cities within the country. The nearest international airport is the Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport in Mumbai.By train, the destination is connected to the rest of the country through a number of super fast and passenger trains. It is an important rail junction in the South-East and Central Railways. Buses also connect Nagpur to regions in and around the state. Regular bus services are available from the city to Mumbai as well as other regions within and around the state.The best time to visit Nagpur is from October to March. Ganesh Chaturthi is a big occasion here and it is also a good time to visit the place. The winter months are quite pleasant with an average temperature of 10' Celsius while the summer months can be quite hot with the temperatures going as high as 50' Celsius.