Raisen district is situated in the central part of Madhya Pradesh. It is bound by Sehore district in the west, Vidisha in the north, in the east by Sagar, in the south-east by Narsimhapur district, and in the south by Hoshangabad.
The total area of the district is about 8,395 sq. km. Raisen is divided into five sub-divisions and this is further divided into seven Blocks. The district has eight tehsils, four assembly constituencies, and two parliamentary constituencies.
Raisen is named after the enormous fort that was built on a sandstone hill. This fort was ruled by the Sultans of Mandu, and it then passed on to the Rajputs. Bhopal is the nearest airport, and it is about 45 km from the district.
Some important railway stations nearby are Salamatpur, Dewanganj, Sanchi, Mandideep, Obeyadullahganj and Barkheda. Raisen town is located on the state highway No. 18 and national highway No. 12 which passes through main towns of the district.
The most popular tourist attractions in the district are Bhojpur and Bhimbethika, and Sanchi, which is about 46 kms from Bhopal. It is a religious place with historical and archaeological importance. Sanchi is a revered place and is known for its Buddhist monuments like the stupas, monasteries, temples and pillars which were built dating back as early as the 3rd century B.C. to the 12th century A.D.
The four gateways or torans at Sanchi are covered with intricate carvings that depict scenes from the life of Buddha and the Jatakas. The Ashoka pillars here are built in the Greco-Buddhist style. The national Emblem of India was adopted from here.
Sanchi has a Buddhist Vihara made of wood and there is a huge bowl carved out from a single rock. There is a Gupta Temple built in the 5th century. The archaeological Survey of India has built a museum that showcases many objects which were discovered during the excavation of the Sanchi area. The museum has an ample set of vessels and other items used by the monks who lived here.
Bhojpur, 28 kms from Bhopal, was founded by the legendary Parmar King of Dhar, Raja Bhoj. It is famous for the remains of the splendid Shiva Temple and Cyclopean dam. The temple, which is also called the Somnath of the East, is known as the Bhojeshwar Temple.
Surrounded in the northern end by the Vindhya ranges, Bhimbetka is about 46 km south of Bhopal. In this rocky landscape of dense woods and precipices, there are over 600 rock shelters belonging to the Neolithic age which were recently discovered.
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