Bihar Buddhist Heritage - BodhGaya, Nalanda and Mahabodhi Temple

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Kumi of Tokyo accompanied her grandmother to the Buddhist sites of Nalanda and Bodh Gaya. They were traveling with a group of 25 Japanese tourists. Every year thousands of tourists who belong to the Buddhist faith come to India to see the holiest of spots associated with Gautama Buddha. The Nalanda University also draws many tourists from India and abroad and has recently received funds from the central government for restoration and preservation.

 

Buddhist Heritage
Bodhgaya

An international centre for Buddhism, Bodh Gaya attracts pilgrims and tourists from all over the world, especially China, Japan and Southeast Asia. It is considered as the holiest spot for Buddhist as it was here that Gautama Buddha meditated and attained enlightenment. The bodhi tree under which he sat, is still believed to be flourishing there. Apart from the original temple, there are many modern temples, Buddha statues, and ashrams and guesthouses for pilgrims set up by other Buddhist countries.

 

 

The Mahabodhi temple is the main attraction of the place. It has undergone several stages of building and re-construction. Originally it began as a simple stupa set up the Mauryan king Ashoka in the 3rd century BC. In the 7th century AD it was built upon and an elaborate temple was made with carvings and spires. The temple was ravaged by Muslim invaders but was restored by Burmese Buddhists in the 14th century. Again after years of neglect when it sank into the earth, it was excavated in the 19th century and restored to its former glory.

 

 

NALANDA

 

Centuries before Oxford and Havard, India had one of the greatest residential universities at Nalanda, Bihar - one of the world's oldest centres of learning established by the Gupta kings, about 100 km south of Patna. You can see the sprawling remains of this enormous campus that was divided by a central walk from north to south, and was surrounded by gardens. The monasteries or 'viharas' were to the east, and the temples were to the west. All the structures were made of red brick, and were richly carved and decorated.

 

The highlights now are temples 3 - the largest and most imposing temple of Nalanda; and Temple 2 which has intricately carved stone panels. Near Temple 3 are the stupas with carvings of Buddha. The rows of 11 monasteries are spread across the campus, with the individual monk's cells around rectangular courtyards.

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Mr and Mrs Mathur of Kanpur went to Patna to stay with their relations who lived there. They also planned to v
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Kumi of Tokyo accompanied her grandmother to the Buddhist sites of Nalanda and Bodh Gaya. They were traveling
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How to Reach - Bihar Destinations
Bihar Sharif     Buxar     Sonepur    
Rajgir     Kakolat     Gaya    
Mohania     Rupnarayanpur     Bhagalpur    
Valmiki     Motihari     Nalanda    
Pawapuri     Madhubani     Sasaram    
Useful Links for Bihar
Articles and Blogs
Bihar Information - Welcome to to Bihar. Bihar or ancient Magadha, has been the cradle of Indian civilization and the centre of Indian culture and education.
Bihar Blog - Blog about Bihar Today, news & views about Bihar, regular updates on Bihar, Articles about Bihar etc.,
Official Websites
Bihar Tourism - Bihar Tourism Government portal - Official website of Dept. of Tourism, covers Bihar Culture, Places of Interest and Tourism in Bihar.
Bihar official sites Directory - Bihar Government Web directory of Health, Bihar Tourism, Education, Finance, Banking, Judiciary and Executive.
Other Useful Links
Jai Bihar - Jai Bihar: The Land Where Gods Chose to Take Birth. The History of Bihar as a region is very rich and eventful. This is due to the fact that Bihar was a center of power, learning and culture.
Buddhist Circuit - BodhGaya is 15 kms. from Gaya. About 2500 years ago, Gautam the prince of Kapilvastu attained enlightenment under the Peepal tree to become Buddha.
 
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