Badgam is the smallest and youngest district of the North Indian State of Jammu & Kashmir. Situated at an average altitude of 1590 meters above the sea level, Badgam is known for its scenic beauty.
Badgam has a varying topography as it is hilly towards the south and south-western parts and plains towards the east and north. The land of Badgam is dotted with high fertile plateau regions called ‘Karewas’ (Vudras), which in turn is responsible for the survival of agricultural industry in the area. These numerous karewas also bring the land of Badgam in to seismic risk zone.
Badgam District comprises of Budgam, Chadoora and Beerwah tehsils and is bounded by Baramulla and Srinagar districts in the north, Pulwama District in the south and Poonch borders it in the south-west. This district was carved out of Srinagar in 1979. Badgam town is the administrative headquarters of Badgam District.
As per ancient texts, Badgam District was earlier known as ‘Pargana Deesu' and Badgam town as ‘Deedmarbag’. ‘Pargana Deesu’ was a part of Baramulla and it was a densely populated area. Due to this heavy population, Pargana Deesu, in course of time was re-named as ‘Badgam’ (big village).
Badgam was a part of the Himalayan kingdom in its initial years. Later it fell in to the hands of the Mughals. Badgam was a major stopover in the past, en route to Kashmir. It was via Poonch Gali, the border of Badgam in Khag area, that travellers reached Poonch as well as the valley of Kashmir.
Poonch Gali of Badgam acted as the base camp for the army of Mehmood Ghazni in the 11th century, during his attempts to invade Kashmir. Poonch Gali was also the camp for the Sikh ruler Ranjth Singh, during his attempt to capture Kashmir. This route was also taken by the Chinese traveller Hiuen Tsang during his visit to Poonch.
Budgam tourism offers attractions that range from scenic locations like Yusmarg, NilNag, Mount Tutakuti, Tosmaidan, Dudepather, etc. to historic monuments like Ziarat Alamdar-E-Kashmir, Imambara, the Shrines of Sheikh Noor-ud-din-Noorani, Khan Saheb, Sham Ded, Baba Latif-ud-Din, Syed Mohd. Samri,Hazrat Ganga Baba Rishi, Zia -ud-Din Bukhari, etc.
Badgam can easily be reached by road as it is at a distance of 8 km from Srinagar. Buses ply from Srinagar to Budgam on a regular basis. The nearest airport to Badgam is Srinagar Airport which is well connected with the rest of the country.