Located in the north of Rajasthan, Hanumangarh is a district, which was carved out of Sri Ganganagar on 12th day of July, 1994. The administrative headquarters of the district is based in the Hanumangarh city. The district is bounded by Haryana in the east and Sri Ganganagar district in the west. To the north of the district lies Punjab, whereas Churu district lies towards the south. Covering an area of 9656.09 sq. km, the district encompasses seven tehsils, namely Hanumangarh, Sangaria, Pilibanga, Rawatsar, Nohar, Bhadra and Tibbi.
Archaeological surveys reveal that the Kalibangan area, which is now known as Pilibanga, was a part of nearly 5000 years old Indus Valley civilization. The remains found this archaeological site are showcased at Museum at Kalibangan and National museum at Delhi.
In the ancient time, Hanumangarh was known by the name of Bhatner. The name was changed to Hanumangarh in 1805, when Soorat Singh, the king of Bikaner conquered the district after defeating Bhatis. As he captured the region on Tuesday, he named the district after the Hindu God Hanuman.
Presently, the district is inhabited by the ethnic group of Jat. The district has been infiltrated by people from Punjab and Haryana. Majority of the population in the district speaks Bagri, which is a dialect of Rajasthani language. Punjabi, Urdu and Hindi are the other languages spoken in the region. Gogameri Mela and Bhadrakali Mela are the two main fairs organised in the district. Both of the fairs along with Pallu Mela and Shila Mata Mela are the integral part of the culture of the region.
Dada Kala Meher Ji Mela and Mahitab Singh ji Yadgari Mela are the other two important celebrations that are held in the district. The district is home to several historic sites like Bhatner Fort, Kalibangan (Pilibanga) and Pallu. Religious sites like Bhadrakali Mata Temple, Brahmani Temple and Gurudwara Shree Kabootar Sahib are the major tourist attraction in the district.
Nearest airport for Hanumangarh is Jaipur International Airport, which is connected to major Indian cities like Ahmedabad, Bangalore, Chennai, Delhi, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Mumbai and Pune. International destinations that are connected to this airport by direct flights are Dubai, Sharjah and Muscat. Hanumangarh Junction Railway Station is the nearest railway station, which serves the destination. Central Bus Station is the main bus station serving the destination of Hanumangarh.