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Muktsar Tourism

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Sri Muktsar Sahib (often referred to as Muktsar is a city and district headquarters for the district of Sri Muktsar Sahib, located in Punjab, India. The 2011 Census of India put the total population of Sri Muktsar Sahib municipality to 117, 085, [1] making it the 14th largest city of Punjab, in terms of population. Historically known as Khidrana or Khidrane di dhab, the city was made the district headquarter in 1995. Chronological evidence indicates that the city was named Muktsar after the battle of Muktsar in 1705. The government officially changed the name of the city to Sri Muktsar Sahib in 2012, [2] though the city is still primarily referred to by its unofficial name - Muktsar History and etymology. Early history. The modern day Muktsar city was historically a semi-desert terrain named Khidrana or Khidrane the dhab, situated near a lake. Not much is known about the early history of the present area of the city. This may partly be due to the river Sutlej. The Sutlej is notorious for shifting its course, and it is stated to have flowed as far east as Muktsar within historical times. While shifting its course it is said to have leveled down everything that came its way, leaving behind ruins and mounds of earth and pottery debris. The present area of Muktsar is almost entirely destitute of ancient buildings and contains no places mentioned in early records. Legends connected with Raja attach to one or two other ruined sites near Muktsar such as that at Sarai Naga, 10 miles (16 km) to the east of Muktsar. But the city does not date from an earlier period than the reign of Akbar. [3]. Medieval history. Of which Muktsar now forms a part of was formerly ruled by the Paramara Rajputs who held it for a considerable period. Jiwa moved to the neighborhood of Muktsar where his descendants held a group of villages, and his grandson Abdulla Khan became the zaildar of Muktsar About the time of first Muslim conquests of India, a colony of Bhati Rajputs, of whose stock the tribes of Manj, Naipals and Dogra Rajputs are branches, came from Jaisalmer under a leader, called Rai Hel, and settled to the south of the present town of Muktsar. They overcame the local Paramara chief and firmly established themselves. Burar had two sons, Paur and Dhul, the younger of whom held almost the whole of the region of Muktsar During the decay of the Delhi Empire, the country, which had apparently become almost depopulated, was occupied by the Dogras, a clan of Rajput origin, who are still prominent among the occupants of Muktsar The rulers, who were Islamic and called themselves converted descendants of the Chauhans of Delhi, emigrated some years ago to the neighbourhood of Pakpattan; and from thence, two centuries ago, spread for a hundred miles along both banks of the river Sutlej from a few miles above Ferozepur to the borders of Bahawalpur. At one time they were undoubted masters of Mamdot and Khai, as well as of Ferozepor including the present area of Muktsar; their seats were principally in the Khadir of the Sutlej, and their occupations pastoral and predatory In March 1504, the second Sikh guru, Guru Angad Dev, was born at Matte-di-Sarai (now called Sarai Naga), about 6 miles from Muktsar. His father Bhai Pheru was a Trehan Khatri merchant, and mother, Ramo, a housewife.

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Muktsar Overview

Muktsar also referred to as Sri Muktsar Sahib is a city as well as a municipal council in the Sri Muktsar Sahib District of Punjab. It is situated in the south western zone of Punjab sharing its boundaries with the Sates of Rajasthan and Haryana. The historical name of the city is Khidrane Dee Dhab. The city covers a total area of 2615 square kilometres and constitutes 5.19% of the total area of Punjab.

Muktsar means ‘the pool of liberation’ with reference to the battlefield of Guru Gobind Singh, and etymologically it means liberated or ‘the end of life cycle’ according to Sikh beliefs. Muktsar has historical and cultural importance, as it was the last battlefield of Guru Gobind Singh in 1705 A.D. This battle was a legendary conflict in Sikhism’s history in which 40 Sikh warriors fought to death against the Mughal Empire. This is why Muktsar is also referred to as ‘the land of 40 martyrs.’

Muktsar is also popular worldwide for its festivities and large fairs. The most popular fair held in the city is the Mela Maghi, which is held every year in January after Lohri to commemorate the sacrifice of warriors who lost their lives fighting against the Mughal Empire in the last battle of Guru Gobind Singh. The fair is held in an open space on Bhatinda and Malout roads. The main activity of this mela includes a dip in the holy river and a big cattle fair is also held at the Lambi Dhab village on this occasion. A group of good breed horses is also showcased at the Mela Maghi.

Muktsar is also the ‘land of Gurdwaras’ and it contains some of the most popular Gurdwaras of Punjab like Sri Darbar Sahib, Rakab Ganj Sahib, Shaheedan Da Gurdwara, Tambu Sahib, Tarn Taran Sahib, and the Tibbi Sahib.

The climate of Muktsar is determined by the climatic mix of western Himalayas in the north and the Thar Desert in the south. It experiences south western monsoons between the months of July and September. The best time to visit Muktsar is between September and March.

The city is also well-connected with other states of India as well as its nearby cities like Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Mansa, Patiala, Bhatinda, Jalandhar, Faridkot and Ludhiana through road, railways and airways.

There is so much to see in Muktsar.

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